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Comprehension

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Democratic societies from the earliest have expected their governments to protect the weak against the strong. No era of good feeling can justify discharging the police force or giving up the idea of public control over concentrated private wealth. On the other hand, it is obvious that a spirit of self denial and moderation on the part of those who hold economic power will greatly soften the demand for absolute equality. Men are more interested in freedom and security than in an equal distribution of wealth. The extent to which government must exactly measured by the extent to which economic power is concentrated into a few hands. The required degree of government interference depends mainly on whether economic powers are oppressively used and on the necessary of keeping economic factors in a tolerable state of balance.

But with the necessity of meeting all these dangers and threats to liberty, the powers of government are unavoidably increased, whichever political party may be in office. The growth of government is a necessary result of the growth of technology and of the problems that go with the use of machines and science. Since the government in our nation, must take on more powers to meet its problems, there is no way to preserve freedom except by making democracy more powerful.
1. The advent of science and technology has increased the
 
  • A. chance of economic inequality
  • B. powers of the government
  • C. freedom of people
  • D. tyranny of the political parties
Ans: B.
powers of the government
 
2. A spirit of moderation on the economically sound people would make the less privileged
 
  • A. unhappy with the rich people
  • B. clamour less for absolute equality
  • C. unhappy with their lot
  • D. more interested in freedom and security
Ans: B.
clamour less for absolute equality
 
 
3. Era of goog feeling in sentence 2 refers to
 
  • A. time of adversity
  • B. time of police atrocities
  • C. time without government
  • D. time of prosperity
Ans: D.
time of prosperity
 
4. Tolerable state of balance in the last sentence may mean
 
  • A. a reasonable check on economic power
  • B. a reasonable amount of government interference
  • C. an adequate level of police force
  • D. a reasonable level of economic equality
Ans: B.
a reasonable amount of government interference
 
5. The growth of government is necessitated to
 
  • A. monitor science and technonlogy
  • B. deploy the police force wisely
  • C. make the rich and the poor happy
  • D. curb the accumulation of wealth in a few hands
Ans: C.
make the rich and the poor happy