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Basic Grammar -> Articles

1. Articles :
  An article is word used to identify a noun, which is a person, place, objects or idea.
  Technically, an article is an adjective, which is any word that modifies a noun.
  A or an does not refer to a particular person or thing. It leaves indefinite the person or thing spoken of.
  For example:
  I saw a doctor (means I saw any doctor)
    An is used before a word beginning with vowel sound (please note a word beginning with vowel sound and not necessarily a vowel itself).
  For example:
  an ass, an enemy, an inkstand, an orange, an umbrella, an hour.
    An is placed before an abbreviation if the first letter of an abbreviation is F, H, L, M, N, R, S or X.
  For example:
    An MBA was required for the post.
  An SAO is an officer of high rank
  A is used before a word beginning with a consonant sound.
  For example:
  A boy was running down the streets and he suddenly fell as he tried to avoid a collision.
    a boy, a woman a horse, a one rupee note, a university, a European (both university and European begin with a consonant sound of 'yu')
  A and an are used with words 'few' and 'little' if they refer to a small amount. Words 'few' and 'little' without the articles means almost none.
  For example:
  For example:
  We have little time to share. (means almost no time)
    We have a little time to space. (means some time)
  Few persons were present at the meeting. (means almost no one was present)
    A few persons were present at the meeting . (means some were present)
  The points out a particular person or thing or someone or something already referred to
  For example:
  I saw the doctor. (means I saw some particular doctor)
    The book you want is out of print.
    The is used with names of gulfs, rivers, seas, oceans, groups of islands and mountain ranges.
  For example:
   The Persian Gulf, The Red Sea, The Indian Ocean, The British Isles, The Alps.
  The is used before the name of certain books.
  For example:
  The Vedas, The Puranas, The Ramayana.
  The is used before the names of things unique of their kind.
  For example:
  The sun, The sky, The ocean, The sea.
  The is used before a proper noun only when it is qualified by an adjective.
  For example:
  The great Rani of Jhansi, the immortal Kalidas.
  The is used before the superlatives.
  For example:
  Sachin is the best batsman in the world today.
  The best person should win.
  The is used with ordinals
  For example:
  He was the first student to finish his homework.
  The second chapter of the book is very interesting.